Management of Aspiration Pneumonia Risks

Aspiration pneumonia is caused by inhaling foreign material, such as food, liquids, vomit or secretions from the mouth, into the lower airways, resulting in inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes.

Aspiration of foreign materials can occur with disorders that affect normal swallowing, disorders of the esophagus, a decreased or absent gag reflex, dysphagia, dental problems, sedatives, anesthesia and coma.

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