2300, Determining Whether a Program is Subject to or Exempt from Regulation

September 28, 2018

A program is not subject to regulation if it is not a type of child care operation that is subject to HHSC regulation. Such a program does not have to meet the requirements of a specific exemption under Texas Human Resources Code (HRC) §42.041(b).

An exempt program would be subject to regulation if it did not meet the requirements of a specific exemption under Texas Human Resources Code (HRC) §42.041(b).

A program that is exempt from HHSC regulation or is otherwise not subject to HHSC regulation may operate legally without:

  • receiving a permit (license, certification, registration, or listing) from Licensing; or
  • complying with the statutes, rules, or standards that govern regulated child care in Texas.

The following programs are exempt from licensure and certification based on the Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(2) and 40 Texas Administrative Code §§745.115745.117745.119, and 745.129:

  1. Operations that are regulated by other governmental entities
  2. Operations of limited duration
  3. Certain educational facilities and programs
  4. Certain miscellaneous programs

An exempt program must inform Licensing when it no longer meets any criterion for the exemption. HHSC may seek injunctive action, civil penalties, or both against a person who:

  • knowingly fails to meet the requirements of an exemption and engages in activities that require a license or registration from HHSC; or
  • fails to inform Licensing about a change in the status of a program that would require the program to be licensed or registered.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.075

Moreover, a person may be prosecuted for a Class B misdemeanor for operating a child care operation without the appropriate permit from HHSC.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.076

 

2310 Determining Whether a Program is Subject to Regulation

September 28, 2018

Licensing staff may become aware of a program that is explicitly exempt from or otherwise not subject to HHSC regulation when:

  • a report of an illegal operation is being investigated; or
  • a program submits an exemption determination form.

Licensing staff must first determine whether the program meets the statutory definition of a type of operation that is subject to HHSC regulation.

If the Licensing staff determines that the program may be an operation that is subject to regulation, he or she informs the program that it must submit:

  • an application for a permit; or
  • the appropriate exemption determination form.

Texas Human Resources Code §§42.002(3)(9)(16)(17)42.151(1) and 42.201(3)

40 TAC §§745.111745.113

 

2311 Determining Whether a Program is Subject to Regulation During an Investigation of an Illegal Operation

March 2014

Procedure

When investigating a potential illegal operation, Licensing staff must determine whether the program is subject to regulation. Licensing staff may take the following steps to help determine whether the program is subject to regulation:

  1. Request that the program complete and return the appropriate exemption determination form and any supporting documentation (this is a request only, since the program is not required to comply).
  2. If the program submits the exemption determination form:
  • evaluate the information, and
  • consult with the Licensing supervisor or the designated regional subject matter expert to determine whether the program is subject to regulation or if additional information is needed to make a decision.
  1. If the program does not submit the exemption determination form:
  • obtain as much information as possible from the program, and
  • consult with the Licensing supervisor or the designated regional subject matter expert to determine whether the program is subject to regulation or if additional information is needed to make a decision.

If the Program is Not Subject to Regulation

After investigating a program as a potential illegal operation and determining that it is not subject to regulation, staff:

  • notifies the program that it is not subject to regulation by sending the Investigation Letter (CLASS Form 2896) located on the Investigation Main page (see 6567 Procedures When an Illegal Operation Is Determined to Be Not Subject to Regulation); and
  • enters a Closure Date and selects Not Subject To Regulation from the Closure Reason drop-down menu on the Illegal Operation main page.

If the Program May Be Subject to Regulation

If Licensing staff determines the program may be subject to regulation, and the program wants to claim an exemption, see 2320 Determining Whether a Program Is Exempt From Regulation.

If the program wants to apply for a permit, see 3130 The Application Process.

 

2312 Determining Whether a Program is Subject to Regulation When Evaluating an Exemption Determination Form

March 2014

Procedure

If a review of an exemption determination form indicates that a program does not meet the statutory definition of a facility, family home, small employer based child care, or a temporary shelter, Licensing staff:

  1. notifies the program in writing that it is not subject to regulation by sending the Exemption Response letter (Form 2807) located on the DFPS automated forms system; and
  2. completes the Exemption Requests and Background Check Only Entities page as follows:
    1. enter the date the request was received in the Exemption Request Received field;
    2. enter the date a decision is made in the Action Date field;
    3. select Return from the Action drop down menu (Action Field);
    4. enter the date the operation was notified and the reason for the decision in the Action Reason narrative box;
    5. enter the date the exemption is closed in the Closure Date field) in CLASS on the Main page; and
    6. select Not Subject to Licensing Regulation from the Closure Reason field drop down menu.

If it is determined that the program meets the requirements to be exempt, Licensing staff follows the steps in 2323 Documenting Exemption Decisions in Class.

If it is determined that the program is not exempt and is subject to regulation, Licensing staff follows the steps in 2322.21 Program is Not Exempt.

 

2320 Determining Whether a Program is Exempt from Regulation

December 2014

Policy

A program may be exempt from regulation based on statute and administrative rule.

To make a determination about an exemption, Licensing requires the program to:

  • determine the type of exemption to request;
  • complete all sections of the form that is appropriate for the type of exemption being requested:

Form 2820 Educational Facility Request for Exemption from Child Care Licensing Regulation;

Form 2832 Single Skills Program During School Year Request for Exemption from Child Care Licensing Regulation;

Form 2833 Single Skills Program Summer Request for Exemption from Child Care Licensing Regulation;

Form 2837 Governmental Entity Request for Exemption from Child Care Licensing Regulation;

Form 2838 Miscellaneous Entities Request from Child Care Licensing Regulation;

Form 2839 Program of Limited Duration Request for Exemption from Child Care Licensing Regulation; and

  • include any additional documentation that will verify eligibility for the exemption request.

See 2322 Processing the Exemption.

Texas Human Resources Code, §§42.04142.002(9)(16)(17)42.052(c)(d)

40 TAC §§745.115745.117745.119745.129, and 745.131

 

2321 Criteria Used to Determine if a Program is Exempt

May 2020

To determine whether a program is exempt from regulation, Child Care Regulation staff request that the program submit the appropriate exemption determination form (see 2320 Determining Whether a Program Is Exempt From Regulation, for a list of these forms).

The exemption determination forms collect the following information:

  1. Purpose of the program;
  2. Persons or group responsible for care;
  3. Location of the facility;
  4. Days and months that child care is planned or provided;
  5. Hours that child care is planned or provided;
  6. Ages of the children in care;
  7. Projected duration of the child care arrangement;
  8. Child’s relationship to the child care provider;
  9. Number of children in care;
  10. Use of space when a regulated program operates at the same location; and
  11. Details about the program’s activities and services that may meet the criteria for exemption from regulation.

 

2322 Processing the Exemption

May 2020

Procedure

If a program believes it is exempt from regulation by Child Care Regulation (CCR), based on a specific exemption in 26 Texas Administrative Code §§745.115745.117745.119, and 745.129, CCR staff take the following steps:

  1. Ask the person in charge of the program to complete and return the appropriate exemption determination form and all supporting documentation within 14 days of receiving the form from CCR.
  2. Enter the exemption into CLASS on the Exemption Requests & Background Check Only Entities page.
  3. Evaluate the information received.
  4. Consult with the CCR supervisor or the designated regional subject matter expert to determine whether additional information is needed to make a decision.
  5. Conduct an inspection of the operation, if necessary.
  6. Notify the person in charge of the program about CCR’s decision regarding the exemption request. Notification must be provided:
  • within 21 days after CCR staff receive all of the information necessary to make the determination; and
  • in writing, by sending one of the following Exemption Response letters located on the CCR SharePoint site:
    • Form 2807 Exempt Response Letter;
    • Form 2847 Not Subject Response Letter; or
    • Form 2848 Not Exempt Response Letter.

26 TAC §§745.131745.133

Exemptions for Educational Programs or Operations

A person who believes his or her educational program is exempt under the provisions of 26 TAC §745.119(1) or (2)  may contact CCR to determine if the person needs to complete an exemption form.

See 2322.12 Actions Taken When Reviewing a Request for a Before- or After-School Program under Contract with a Public Educational Facility.

26 TAC §745.131

 

2322.1 Additional Requirements for Processing Exemptions for Educational Programs

 

2322.11 Additional Requirements for an Educational Facility that is a Member of an Organization Requiring Compliance with Standards

May 2020

When educational programs are exempt from regulation under 26 TAC §745.119(4), the organization that requires compliance with health, safety, fire and sanitation standards sends the following to the designated CCR staff:

  1. a completed Form 2820, Educational Facility Request for Exemption from Child Care Regulation, along with documentation that the organization has its own standards for health, safety, fire, and sanitation standards that are equal to those required for licensed operations or with documentation that the organization requires members to comply with state, county, or municipal health, safety, fire, and sanitation codes;
  2. a monitoring plan for review by CCR designed to ensure that members comply with either the organization’s standards for health, safety, fire, and sanitation or the health, safety, and fire codes of the state, county, or municipality; and
  3. the names and addresses of the other educational programs or operations that are members of the organization. This list must be updated when new members join or members cease to be a member.

Also see 2370 Educational Programs.

26 TAC §745.127

 

2322.12 Additional Requirements for a Before- or After-School Program Under Contract with a Public Educational Facility

May 2020

When reviewing an exemption request for a before- or after-school program operating under contract with a public educational facility, Child Care Regulation (CCR) staff must:

  • Ask the program to submit written documentation that demonstrates that the program is using Texas Education Agency (TEA) approved curriculum content for all ages the program will serve; and
  • Verify that the curriculum content is on the current Instructional Materials Current Adoption Bulletin list on the TEA website.

Also see 2370 Educational Programs.

 

2322.2 Program is Exempt

September 28, 2018

Procedure

If Licensing staff determines that a program is exempt from HHSC regulation, Licensing staff notifies the operation and follows procedures in 2325 Closing an Exempt Program in CLASS.

 

2322.21 Program is Not Exempt

September 28, 2018

Procedure

If Licensing staff determines that a program is not exempt and subject to regulation, the program must take immediate steps to become regulated. 

Licensing staff:

  • informs the operation in writing, using the Exemption Response letter located in the DFPS automated letters system that the program:
  1. is operating in violation of Texas Human Resources Code, §42.041 and §42.052;
  2. has 14 days from the date the letter is received to submit an application to become a regulated operation;
  3. will be operating illegally, if it does not submit the application within 14 days; and
  4. has a right to request an administrative review to dispute the decision; and
  • completes the Exemption Requests and Background Check Only Entities page in CLASS as follows:
  1. enter the date a decision is made in the Action Date field;
  2. select Not Exempt from the Action drop down menu; and
  3. enter the date the operation was notified and the reason for the decision in the Action Reason narrative box.

When a program does not meet the requirements to be exempt from Licensing regulation and fails to take immediate steps to meet the requirements for becoming regulated, Licensing staff:

  1. informs the Licensing supervisor that the program knowingly failed to meet the requirements of an exemption and engaged in activities that require a license or registration from HHSC;
  2. documents the information in a Chronology (type Application);
  3. enters an intake for the operation that is operating illegally (See 6222 Assessing an Intake Report for Priority and 6251.2 Entering Reports of Illegal Operations); and
  4. leaves the exemption open in CLASS until the investigation is complete.

Licensing staff does not close the exemption in CLASS until the program meets the requirements for becoming regulated or meets the criteria to be exempt from Licensing regulation. See 2325 Closing an Exempt Program in CLASS.

 

2322.3 Program Disagrees that it is Not Exempt

March 2014

A program that disagrees with Licensing’s decision that it must be regulated may request an administrative review. See 7710 Administrative Reviews.

 

2323 Documenting Exemption Decisions in CLASS

March 2014

Licensing staff document in the CLASS all determinations made about an exemption status.

Staff use the Action Reason narrative box in CLASS:

  • to provide details about the case; and
  • to include information that is not clearly explained on the appropriate exemption determination form.

It is not appropriate to leave the Action Reason narrative box blank or enter a Texas Administrative Code rule number as a reference, instead of entering details.

 

2324 Documenting Supplements to an Exemption Decision

March 2014

Licensing staff document in a Chronology (type External Documentation) whether any of the following supplemental information is submitted along with the appropriate exemption determination form:

  1. A copy of the license issued by another government entity;
  2. Accreditation documents;
  3. Information about municipal ordinances that govern such programs;
  4. Standards of care;
  5. Informational and advertising materials;
  6. Floor plan;
  7. Shopping center or mall design plan; and
  8. State, county, or municipal health, safety and fire codes.

 

2325 Closing an Exempt Program in CLASS

March 2014

Exempt programs display like closed operations in CLASS. To close an exempt program in CLASS, Licensing staff complete the Exemption Requests and Background Check Only Entities page as follows:

  1. enter the date a decision is made in the Action Date field;
  2. select Exempt from the Action drop down menu;
  3. enter the date the operation was notified and the reason for the decision in the Action Reason narrative box;
  4. enter the date the exemption is closed in the Closure Date field; and
  5. select the appropriate exemption category from the Closure Reason drop down menu.

 

2330 When Exempt Programs Request Regulation

September 28, 2018

Programs that meet the requirements to be exempt from Licensing regulation based on the statute, administrative rule, or both, may request a permit to be licensed, registered, or listed only if the program needs a permit to accept federal or state funding.

A program that accepts a permit under these circumstances must comply with all applicable provisions of the Texas Human Resources Code, Chapter 42, administrative rules, and minimum standards.

40 TAC §§745.141745.143

See:

2350 Governmental Entities That Are Exempt from HHSC Regulation

2360 Programs of Limited Duration That Are Exempt From Licensure and Certification

 

2340 Exempt Programs that Operate in the Same Locations as Regulated Operations

September 28, 2018

If a governing body runs an exempt program and an operation that is subject to HHSC regulation at the same location, they must be separate from each other.

To be considered separate, the programs must:

  1. be located in separate buildings, operated in separate areas of the same building, or operated in the same building at different times;
  2. use separate caregivers, or use caregivers who provide care for only one program at a time; and
  3. have a written plan that describes how the caregivers from each program supervise children when using shared spaces such as restrooms and indoor and outdoor activity areas at the same time.

If the programs cannot be kept separate, both are subject to regulation.

40 TAC §745.139

Procedure

To ensure that an exempt program at the same location as one that is subject to regulation operates separately, Licensing staff request the person who operates the programs to submit documentation describing how the program complies with the requirement that the programs are kept separate.

After reviewing the information, if Licensing staff cannot determine whether the two programs operate separately, staff:

  • discuss with their supervisor and the designated regional subject matter expert whether additional information is needed; and
  • conduct an inspection at the programs, if necessary, to observe whether the program is in compliance with the requirements that the programs are kept separate.

Also see:

2322 Processing the Exemption

4127 Other Types of Inspections

 

2341 When an Exempt Educational Program Must Obtain a Permit

March 2014

An educational program that is exempt from regulation must obtain a permit for the portion of the program that:

  1. cares for children younger than the exemption allows;
  2. provides before- or after-school care for more hours than the exemption allows; or
  3. provides care outside the designated school year (see Appendix 2000-2: Determining Whether a Program or Operation is Regulated by Licensing – Questions and Answers, Items B.5 and B.6); and
  4. 40 TAC §§745.121745.123.

 

2350 Governmental Entities that are Exempt from HHSC Regulation

September 28, 2018

The following types of programs are exempt from regulation by HHSC because they are regulated by other governmental entities:

  • A program located on a federal installation
  • State-operated correctional and treatment facilities

See:

2351 A Facility on a Federal Installation

2352 State-Operated Programs

2353 Municipal Programs

 

2351 A Facility on a Federal Installation

March 2014

A facility operated on a federal installation, including military bases or Indian reservations, is exempt from regulation by Licensing because a state agency has no jurisdiction or authority to regulate such facilities.

40 TAC §745.115(1)

 

2352 State-Operated Programs

March 2014

Certain state-operated programs are exempt from regulation by Licensing. All other state-operated programs must be certified by Licensing.

See:

2352.1 Correctional Facilities

2352.2 Treatment Facilities

2352.3 Youth Camps Licensed by DSHS

2352.4 Youth Camps Exempt from DSHS Licensing

 

2352.1 Correctional Facilities

March 2014

The following types of correctional facilities are exempt from regulation by Licensing:

  1. A juvenile detention facility certified under §261.405 of the Texas Family Code
  2. A juvenile correctional facility that provides services solely for the Texas Juvenile Justice Department; and
  3. Any other correctional facility for children that is operated or regulated by another state agency or by a political subdivision of the state

Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(13)

Texas Family Code §261.405

40 TAC §745.115(2)(A)(B)(C)

 

2352.2 Treatment Facilities

September 28, 2018

The following types of facilities are exempt from regulation by Licensing:

  • A treatment facility
  • A structured treatment program that serves chemically dependent persons and is licensed by the Texas Department of State Health Services

40 TAC §745.115(2)(D)

 

2352.3 Youth Camps Licensed by DSHS

September 28, 2018

A youth camp licensed by the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) is exempt from regulation by Licensing.

Exception

Operations licensed by HHSC that operate a summer camp must continue to operate under the HHSC license during the summer months. See Appendix 2000-2: Determining Whether a Program or Operation Is Regulated by Licensing – Questions and Answers, items 1-5.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(5)

40 TAC §745.115(2)(E)

 

2352.4 Youth Camps Exempt from DSHS Licensing

September 28, 2018

A youth camp is exempt from regulation by HHSC if it is a youth camp that is exempt from licensure by the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) under §141.0021, Health and Safety Code, because it:

  • is operated by or on the campus of an institution of higher education or a private or independent institution of higher education, as those terms are defined in Education Code, §61.003; and
  • is regularly inspected by at least one local governmental entity for compliance with health and safety standards.

40 TAC §745.115(2)(F)

 

2353 Municipal Programs

September 28, 2018

A youth camp is exempt from regulation by HHSC if it is a youth camp that is exempt from licensure by Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) under §141.0021, Health and Safety Code, because it is a recreation program for children ages 5 through 13 that is operated by a municipality and meets the following criteria:

  1. The standards of care for the program are annually adopted by ordinance after a public hearing.
  2. The standards of care must include staffing ratios and qualifications, facility health and safety standards, and monitoring and enforcement provisions.
  3. The standards of care are provided to the parents of each program participant.
  4. The parents of each program participant are informed that the program is not licensed by the state.
  5. The program is not advertised as child care.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(14)

40 TAC §745.115(3)

 

2360 Programs of Limited Duration that are Exempt from HHSC Regulation

September 28, 2018

Certain programs of limited duration are exempt from regulation by Licensing.

See:

2361 Program with Parents on the Premises

2362 Short-Term Programs

2363 Religious Programs

2364 Foreign Exchange or Sponsorship Program

 

2361 Program with Parents on the Premises

March 2014

A program with parents on the premises is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if all of the following are true:

  1. The program operates in association with a shopping center, business, religious organization, or other elective activity.
  2. The program does not advertise as a child care facility or day care center and informs parents that it is not licensed by the state.
  3. The parent or person responsible for the child attends or engages in the elective activity. (Part-time employees and contractors who conduct the activity may use the program as long as they meet the limits in (d) below. A caregiver for the program may use the program for the caregiver’s own child as long as the child remains with a caregiver.)
  4. The child is only in care:
  • for up to four and one-half hours per day and for up to 12 hours a week; or
  • for up to 15 hours per week, if care is provided so that a parent may attend an educational class provided by a nonprofit entity in a county of 800,000 or more and the county is adjacent to an international border. However, there are no time limits for the child of a caregiver at the program as long as the child is with the caregiver.
  1. The program’s caregivers are able to contact the parent or person responsible for the child at all times.

See Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(3)

40 TAC §745.117(1)§745.101(3)

Examples of Programs that are Exempt

Examples of programs that are exempt are:

  1. Programs that are operated in connection with a religious organization and offer programs for children, such as classes for religious instruction.
  2. Programs operated so that parents can attend a short-term class that lasts up to three hours for four or fewer days or evenings a week, for a few weeks (such as classes on parenting skills or English as a second language).
  3. Programs operated in a gym or health club, so that members can exercise. The caregiver of the program and part-time staff may use the program for their own children.

Exceptions

Small Business Offering Child Care

A small business that offers child care services to its employees does not qualify for this exemption. Small businesses that provide care for children whose parents or guardians work in the same building where the child care is offered are subject to regulation as described in Texas Human Resources Code, Subchapter F, §42.151, Regulation of Employer-Based Day Care Facilities.

Temporary Shelter

A temporary shelter, such as a family violence or homeless shelter that offers child care services to its residents does not qualify for this exemption. Temporary shelters that provide care for children whose parent or guardian reside in the same building where the child care is offered are subject to regulation as described in Texas Human Resources Code, Subchapter G, §42.201 Regulation of Temporary Shelter Day Care Facilities.

 

2362 Short-Term Program

March 2014

A short-term program is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if:

  • the program operates for fewer than three consecutive weeks and fewer than 40 days in 12-month period; and
  • the program is not part of an operation subject to Licensing regulation.

40 TAC §745.117(2)

 

2363 Religious Program

March 2014

A religious program is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if:

  • the program offers religious instruction, such as Sunday school or weekly catechism; or
  • the program lasts for two weeks or fewer.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(4)

40 TAC §745.117(3)

Example: Vacation Bible school

 

2364 Foreign Exchange or Sponsorship Program

March 2014

A foreign exchange or sponsorship program is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if:

  1. an unrelated child or sibling group lives in the provider’s home;
  2. each child is in the United States on a time-limited visa; and
  3. each child is being sponsored by an organization or by the provider with whom they are living.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(22)

40 TAC §745.117(4)

 

2370 Educational Programs

May 2020

Certain accredited educational programs are exempt from regulation by CCR, as identified in the table below.

Applying for or being in the process of accreditation does not constitute accreditation.

Educational Program or Operation Conditions for Exemption
An accredited educational program or operation for grades prekindergarten and above is exempt from regulation by CCR, if: the educational program or operation:
  • operates primarily for educational purposes;
  • runs the educational program;
  • serves children ages 3 and up; and
  • is accredited by the Texas Education Agency (TEA), the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS), or the Texas Private School Accreditation Commission (TEPSAC).

For educational facilities that also provide residential child care, see 26 TAC §745.125 which addresses whether additional exemption criteria are required for such facilities.

For a list of accrediting organizations approved by TEPSAC, see Appendix 2000-1: Organizations Whose Members May Qualify for Exemption.

For information concerning charter schools, see Appendix 2000-2: Determining Whether a Program or Operation Is Regulated by Child Care Regulation – Questions and Answers, Item B.

For information on collaborative programs, such as an independent school district (ISD) that operates a Head Start program or a program that combines Head Start and prekindergarten, see Appendix 2000-2Item C.

Exception:

A child care program operated by the school district for its employees (bus drivers, teachers, custodians, kitchen workers, and so on) is subject to licensure.

A before- or after-school child day care program that is operated by an accredited educational facility (grades prekindergarten and above) is exempt from regulation by CCR, if the program:
  • is specifically accredited by TEA, SACS, or TEPSAC;
  • operates the child day care program; and
  • serves children ages 3 and up.
A before- or after-school child day care program that is operated by a contracted entity and is located in an accredited educational operation for grades prekindergarten and above is exempt from regulation by CCR if it:
  • is accredited by TEA, SACS, or TEPSAC;
  • contracts with an entity to operate the before- or after-school child day care;
  • serves children ages 3 and up; and
  • offers a curriculum for before- or after-care that
    • has been approved by TEA, SACS, or TEPSAC; or
    • if operating in a public educational facility, can demonstrate how the program is using TEA-approved curriculum for all ages it will serve.
An educational program or operation that is a member of an organization that requires compliance with standards is exempt from regulation by CCR, if it:
  • serves children in prekindergarten through at least grade two;
  • provides child day care no more than one hour before and one hour after the hours that are customary for schools in that community; and
  • is a member of an organization that either:
    • publishes health, safety, fire, and sanitation standards equal to those required by the state, county, or municipality; or
    • follows the state, county, or municipal health, safety, and fire codes.

Also see 2322.11 Additional Requirements for an Educational Facility that is a Member of an Organization Requiring Compliance with Standards.

A private educational program or operation is exempt from regulation by CCR, if it:
  • serves children who are at least age 3 on September 1;
  • offers no more than two hours of child day care, total, before or after the hours that are customary for schools in that community; and
  • operates at least:
    • a preschool;
    • a prekindergarten class through grade three;
    • grades 9 through 12; or
    • the same pattern of grade clustering as found in the public elementary schools (grades one through six) in the local school district.
See:

Texas Human Resources Code §42.041(b)(7)(8)(9)(11)

26 TAC §745.119

26 TAC §745.125

 

2371 Additional Exemption Criteria for Educational Programs that Provide Residential Child Care

May 2020

An educational program that provides residential child care must meet all of the following additional criteria in order to be exempt from child care regulation:

  • Parents retain primary responsibility for their child’s financial support, health problems, or serious personal problems.
  • Residential child care is provided solely to facilitate the students’ participation in the educational program and must not exist apart from the educational aspect of the program.

Also see 2370 Educational Programs.

26 TAC §745.125

 

2380 Miscellaneous Programs Exempt from HHSC Regulation

October 2019

The following miscellaneous programs are exempt from regulation by Licensing.

Miscellaneous Programs Conditions for Exemption
A neighborhood recreation program A neighborhood recreation program is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if all of the following are true:
  • The program provides activities designed for the recreation of children ages 5 through 13.
  • The governing body of the program adopts standards for care. At a minimum, the standards must include staffing ratios, staff training, health and safety standards, and mechanisms for assessing and enforcing the program’s compliance with the standards for care.
  • The program does not collect compensation for its services. Compensation is anything of value received from the parent in exchange for the care of the child. The program can accept only a nominal annual fee for membership.
  • The program is organized as a nonprofit organization, or is located at the participant’s residence.
  • The program informs each parent that it is not regulated by Licensing. The program must also establish a policy explaining how it informs parents that Licensing does not regulate the program. The policy may either be provided in writing or verbally. The program is not advertised or represented as a regulated operation.
  • The program provides a process to receive and resolve complaints from parents.
  • The program conducts criminal background checks on all employees and volunteers who work with the children. Background checks must include information from the Texas Department of Public Safety.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(19)
26 TAC §745.129(1)

Rationale:

Neighborhood recreation programs that serve children who are 5 through 13 years old are not considered day care or after-school care. Day care and after-school care offer a specific type of service that parents depend on for child care.

Neighborhood recreation programs that do not meet all requirements to be exempt from regulation may meet the definition for school-age program. School-age programs are subject to Licensing regulation under Chapter 744.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(21)
A single-skill program A program that teaches a single skill, talent, ability, expertise, or proficiency is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if the program:
  • offers direct instruction for one talent, ability, expertise, or proficiency;
  • does not provide other services that are not directly related to the single skill, talent, ability, expertise, or proficiency;
  • informs each parent that it is not regulated by Licensing;
  • does not advertise or represent as a regulated operation;
  • informs parents of any physical risk that a child may face while participating in the program; and
  • conducts background checks using information that is obtained from the Department of Public Safety for all program employees and volunteers who work with children.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(18)
26 TAC §745.129(2)

Rationale: Some programs that do not meet all requirements to be exempt from regulation as a single-skill program may meet the definition for school-age program. School-age programs are subject to Licensing regulation under Chapter 744.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(21)
A caregiver providing residential care An unrelated adult caregiver is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if the caregiver:
  • is caring for only one child or sibling group and the caregiver:
    1. knows the child or sibling group, or the family of the child or sibling group, before providing care;
    2. does not receive compensation or solicit donations for the care of the child or sibling group; and
    3. has a written agreement with the parent to care for the child or siblings.
  • is caring for multiple children or sibling groups and the caregiver:
    1. is caring for six or fewer children;
    2. does not receive compensation or solicit donations for the care of the child or sibling group; and
    3. has a written agreement with the parent of each child or sibling group to care for the child or sibling group.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(20) and (25)
26 TAC §745.129(3)

Compensation is anything of value, beyond the child’s normal expenses, received by the caregiver from the parent in exchange for care of the child. Compensation does not include Medicaid, insurance, or other governmental benefits or assistance.

Emergency Shelter for Minors An emergency shelter is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if all of the following are true:
  • the shelter does not otherwise operate as a child care facility that must have a license from HHSC;
  • the shelter provides shelter or care to the minor and the minor’s child or children, if any;
  • the shelter provides care for the minor or the minor’s child or children only when there is an immediate danger to the physical health or safety of the minor or the minor’s child or children;
  • the shelter does not provide care for more than 15 days, unless:

(1) the minor consents to shelter or care to be provided to the minor or the minor’s children and is:

(i) 16 years of age or older, resides separate and apart from the minor’s parent, and manages the minor’s own financial affairs; or

(ii) unmarried and is pregnant or is the parent of a child; or

(2) the minor has qualified for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families under Chapter 31, Texas Human Resources Code, and is on the waiting list for housing assistance; and

  • the shelter is:

(1) currently under contract with a state or federal agency for the provision of shelter or care to children; or

(2) a family violence center that meets the requirements listed under Texas Human Resources Code §51.005(b)(3), as determined by the Health and Human Services Commission.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(12)
26 TAC §745.129(4)

A caregiver with whom DFPS has placed a child or sibling group The caregiver is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if all of the following are true:
  • The caregiver has a longstanding and significant relationship with the child or sibling group or the family of the child or sibling group; and
  • DFPS is the managing conservator of the child or sibling group.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(21)
26 TAC §745.129(5)
Texas Family Code, Chapter 264 Relative and Other Designated Caregiver Placement Program, Subchapter I

A food distribution program A food distribution program is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if all of the following are true:
  • The program serves an evening meal to children who are 2 years old or older.
  • The program is operated by a nonprofit food bank in a nonprofit, religious, or educational facility for not more than two hours a day on regular business days.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(16)
26 TAC §745.129(6)

Emergency Shelter for Victims of Human Trafficking An emergency shelter is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if the shelter:
  • Does not otherwise operate as a child care facility that is required to have a license from HHSC;
  • Is operated by a nonprofit organization;
  • Provides shelter and care for no more than 15 days to alleged victims of human trafficking as defined in Penal Code §20A.02, who are 13-17 years old; and
  • Is located in a municipality with a population of at least 600,000 that is in a county on an international border; and:

(1) Is licensed by, or operates under an agreement with, a state or federal agency to provide shelter and care to children; or

(2) Is a family violence center that meets the requirements listed under Texas Human Resources Code §51.005(b)(3), as determined by the Health and Human Services Commission.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(23)
26 TAC §745.129(7)

Respite Care for a Local Mental Health Authority A program that provides respite care for a local mental health authority is exempt from regulation by Licensing, if the program is under a contract with that authority.

Texas Human Resources Code §42.002(41)(b)(24)
26 TAC §745.129(8)

 

2390 Other Operations Exempt from HHSC Regulation

September 28, 2018

 

2391 A Foster Home or Foster Group Home Regulated by a CPA

March 2014

A foster home or foster group home that is regulated by a child-placing agency (CPA) is exempt by law from regulation by Licensing.

The CPA verifies and monitors the home’s compliance with standards. See 2200 Types of Child Care Permits and Multiple Operations and its sub-items.

Texas Human Resources Code, §42.041(b)(2)

 

2392 Certain State-Operated Facilities

March 2014

A state-operated facility is exempt by law from regulation by Licensing.

See:

2200 Types of Child Care Permits and Multiple Operations and its subitems

2280 State-Operated Facilities Exempt From Licensure

2350 Governmental Entities that are Exempt from HHSC Regulation

Texas Human Resources Code, §42.041(b)(1)(6)

 

2393 Certain Annual Youth Camps

March 2014

An annual youth camp is exempt by law from regulation by Licensing, if the youth camp:

  1. is held in a municipality with a population of more than 1.5 million;
  2. operates for not more than three months; and
  3. has been operated for at least 10 years by a nonprofit organization that provides care for the homeless.

Texas Human Resources Code, §42.041(b)(15)