M-7000, Premiums

Revision 21-2; Effective June 1, 2021

A person may have to pay a monthly premium as a condition of eligibility. The premium amounts are based on a sliding scale, dependent upon the person's income. The MBI monthly premium amount is determined based on the person's unearned and earned income.

M-7100 Post Eligibility — Premium Budgets

Revision 24-2; Effective June 1, 2024

Premium Budgeting Steps

There are three steps to calculate the premium amount.

Note: While unearned income is excluded in the income eligibility budget, it is used in the calculation of the premium amount.

Step 1

Unearned Income

The unearned income premium amount is based on unearned income after allowable exemptions and exclusions.

Note: Support and maintenance does not apply to the MBI program.

Find the unearned income premium amount by subtracting the SSI federal benefit rate amount for one person from the person's countable unearned income.

Step 2

Earned Income

Find the earned income premium amount by adding:

  • gross earned income minus mandatory payroll deductions; and
  • any countable earned self-employment income.

This calculation results in the net earnings. If the net earnings are equal to or less than 150 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL), the monthly premium is $0. If the net earnings exceed 150 percent of the FPL, the person must pay a monthly premium based on the earned income amount. Compare the net earnings amount to the FPL ranges to find the earned income premium amount.

The 2024 FPL ranges for the earned income premium amounts are listed in the chart below. Income limits are subject to change annually.

2024 FPL RangeEarned Income Premium Amount
Earnings at or below 150% FPL
(less than or equal to $1,883)
$0
Earnings above 150% FPL up to and including 185% FPL
(greater than $1,883 up to and including $2,322)
$20
Earnings above 185% FPL up to and including 200% FPL
(greater than $2,322 up to and including $2,510)
$25
Earnings above 200% FPL up to and including 250% FPL
(greater than $2,510 up to and including $3,138)
$30
Earnings above 250% FPL
(greater than $3,138)
$40

Step 3

Add the unearned income premium amount to the earned income premium amount to get the total monthly MBI premium amount.

Total Monthly Premium Limit

The total monthly premium may not exceed $500. If the unearned income premium amount plus the earned income premium amount is greater than or equal to $500, then the total monthly premium is $500.

Examples

Below are three examples for calculating the MBI premium.

Example 1

A person has $974 in unearned monthly income. After applying all deductions, the remaining earned income is $1,250.

Step 1: Subtract the SSI federal benefit rate amount for one person from the person's countable unearned income.

DescriptionAmount
Unearned income$974
SSI federal benefit rate– $943
Unearned income premium amount$31

Step 2: Compare the net earned income to the chart showing the FPL ranges to find the earned income premium amount.

DescriptionAmount
Net monthly earnings$1,250
Earned income premium amount$0

Step 3: Add the unearned income premium amount to the earned income premium amount to get the total monthly MBI premium amount.

DescriptionAmount
Unearned income premium amount$31
Earned income premium amount+ $0
Total monthly premium$31

Example 2

A person has $974 in monthly unearned income and $1,915 in monthly earned income after applying all deductions.

Step 1: Subtract the SSI federal benefit rate amount from the person's countable unearned income.

DescriptionAmount
Unearned income$974
SSI federal benefit rate– $943
Unearned income premium amount$31

Step 2: Compare the net earned income to the chart showing the FPL ranges to find the earned income premium amount.

DescriptionAmount
Net monthly earnings$1,915
Earned income premium amount$20

Step 3: Add the unearned income premium amount to the earned income premium amount to get the total monthly MBI premium amount.

DescriptionAmount
Unearned income premium amount$31
Earned income premium amount+$20
Total monthly premium$51

Example 3

A person has $1,500 in monthly unearned income and $1,889 in monthly earned income after applying all deductions.

Step 1: Subtract the SSI federal benefit rate amount from the person's countable unearned income.

DescriptionAmount
Unearned income$1,500
SSI federal benefit rate– $943
Unearned income premium amount$557

Step 2: Compare the net earned income to the chart showing the FPL ranges to find the earned income premium amount.

DescriptionAmount
Net monthly earnings$1,889
Earned income premium amount$20

Step 3: Add the unearned income premium amount to the earned income premium amount to get the total monthly MBI premium amount.

DescriptionAmount
Unearned income premium amount$557
Earned income premium amount+$20
Total monthly premium$577*

* The total of the unearned income premium amount plus the earned income premium amount is $577. However, the total monthly premium cannot exceed $500.

Related Policy

Budget Reference Chart, Appendix XXXI