5.5.2 Qualifications

Education, Training, and Experience

Vocational adjustment trainers must have one of the following:

  • a master's degree in rehabilitation, counseling and guidance, or psychology; or
  • a bachelor's degree in a related field (for example, education, sociology, liberal arts, etc.) and one year of full-time experience performing vocational adjustment or work adjustment services or similar duties in a rehabilitation agency or organization working with people who have visual disabilities and/or other disabilities; or
  • a combination of training and experience with a minimum of two years' full-time experience in the successful provision of services to people with disabilities. These services must be similar to those provided in vocational adjustment training.


Provider Authorization

Services must not begin until DBS has issued a service authorization and/or purchase order.

Providers must have written authorization from DBS before the provider's employee provides services to DBS consumers. No service provided by a provider's employee will be paid if the service is provided before DBS written authorization is received.

For additional information, please see Documenting Staff Changes in section 1.6.4 of this manual and Staff Information Sheets in section 4.2 of this manual.



Reasonable flexibility to vary vocational adjustment services will be authorized in order to accommodate the specific needs of individual consumers.


Staff-to-Consumer Ratio

For the purpose of conducting vocational adjustment training, the staff-to-consumer ratio must not exceed one staff member to six consumers (1:6). In a group setting (a maximum of ten consumers per group), a competent aide under the supervision of the vocational adjustment trainer may be used if the number of DBS consumers receiving vocational adjustment training at the same time is more than six but not more than ten consumers.